IVF (In-vitro-Fertilization) is a common infertility treatment. During the IVF procedure, a fertility gynecologist takes eggs from the ovaries through a small needle and fertilizes them with the sperm in the lab. After fertilization happens, the eggs develop into embryos. 3 – 5 days later, the gynecologist re-implants the embryos back into the uterus. This is the technique where a man’s sperm & woman’s eggs are combined in an advanced laboratory in order to create an embryo(s). The first birth resulting from IVF was in 1978 in England. When this technology was first introduced. IVF and other advanced reproductive technologies (ART) performance required highest-standards of medical excellence. You can consult with Dr. Pratima Poddar for best IVF treatments in Jaipur for better understanding and requirement. If the complete tubal blockage is there & other methods to become pregnant such as fertility drugs, surgery, and artificial insemination haven’t worked then only IVF is suggested. Presently, the success rate of IVF have improved a lot and IVF is used even for single women pursuing parenthood.
Infertility in both women & men has a wide range of causes. Women who can’t produce eggs – whether because of menopause or another health condition, can’t undergo for IVF unless they use a donor or frozen eggs according to Dr. Pratima Poddar.
The IVF process can be explained in these steps: Ovulation Induction, Egg Retrieval, Fertilization, Embryo Transfer, Implantation.
WHY IVF NEEDED:
- Due to damage of fallopian tube, an egg is unable to travel to the womb after releasing. Due to that causes an embryo can’t be formed in the womb.
- Due to PCOD, ovary is enlarged which interferes with the production of the eggs. In such cases, IVF is useful for pregnancy.
- If there is a loss of ovarian function before the age of 40. This affects the fertility of the woman and it’s difficult for women to produce an egg.
- If the ovarian functions, uterus & fallopian tubes are affected by the tissues growth outside the uterus, it results in women’s inability unable to produce a child without IVF.
- Fibroids may interfere with implantation in egg fertilization. In such cases it’s difficult in conceiving a baby for women.
- If the fallopian tubes are cut or blocked (called tubal ligation) for the pregnancy prevention. Then IVF is helpful to conceive a baby again.
- If the sperm concentration is below average, the movement of sperm is weak, sperm size and shape are abnormal, then without IVF it is not possible to fertilize an egg.
- Radiation/chemotherapy in cancer treatment harms fertility. In such cases, women can have eggs harvested from their ovaries & frozen in an unfertilized state or as embryos for future use by IVF.